Hampshire ICT Conference

Agile Pedagogy

Miles Berry, 27 June 2013


Hampshire ICT Conference

Agile Pedagogy

Miles Berry, 27 June 2013

Ward Cunningham 2001, Agile Manifesto


The Kindergarten

Johann Sperl, Neue Pinakothek, München

Froebel Blocks


Frank Lloyd Wright



Latin paedagōgus (also pēdagōgus ) teacher, schoolmaster, slave who took children to and from school
ancient Greek παιδαγωγός slave who took children to and from school
OED 2005


learning as “building knowledge structures” ... happens especially felicitously in a context where the learner is consciously engaged in constructing a public entity
Papert 1991

Waterfall development

cc by-nc Malcolm Browne

Waterfall Methodology

  1. Requirements
  2. Design
  3. Implementation
  4. Verification
  5. Maintenance
CC by Hamed Saber

Public sector projects

    The National Curriculum for computing aims to ensure that all pupils:
  • can understand and apply the fundamental principles of computer science, including logic, algorithms, data representation, and communication
  • can analyse problems in computational terms, and have repeated practical experience of writing computer programs in order to solve such problems
  • can evaluate and apply information technology, including new or unfamiliar technologies, analytically to solve problems
  • are responsible, competent, confident and creative users of information and communication technology.

Nick Gibb

And I will count it as a success when teachers are able actually to laminate their lesson plans and recycle them from September to September.
Nick Gibb, May 2012

Planning - assessment cycle

Iterative development

Agile development tools

Computational Thinking Teaching


Agile methods

cc by-nd Martijn Nijenhuis

Agile Manifesto

We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it. Through this work we have come to value:

Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
Working software over comprehensive documentation
Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
Responding to change over following a plan

That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.
Agile Manifesto

Agile Principles

Welcome changing requirements, even late in development. Agile processes harness change for the customer's competitive advantage.
Agile Manifesto, Image CC by-nc MoShotz

Agile Principles

Build projects around motivated individuals. Give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job done.
Agile Manifesto, Image CC by-nc Sussex Soccer

Agile Principles

Simplicity - the art of maximizing the amount of work not done - is essential.
Agile Manifesto, Image CC by-nc GardenBeth

Agile Principles

At regular intervals, the team reflects on how to become more effective, then tunes and adjusts its behavior accordingly.
Agile Manifesto, Image CC by-nc-sa Amanda

Minimum viable product

That product which has just those features (and no more) that allows you to ship a product
Ries, 2009, Image © CNET News


  • Product backlog
  • Timebox
  • Sprint
    • Sprint planning meeting
    • Sprint backlog task
    • Sprint retrospective meeting
    • Sprint review meeting
Schwaber 2009, Image CC by-nc-sa Jonny Ross


  • What have you done since the last daily scrum regarding this project
  • What will you do between now and the next daily scrum regarding this project
  • What impedes you from perfomring your work as effectively as possible
Schwaber and Beedle, 2002, Image CC by-nc cgt

Pair Programming

Williams and Kessler, 2000

Pattern Languages

Alexander et al 1977
Gamma et al 1995

Pattern Languages

Hoover and Oshineye, 2009
Laurillard, 2012

Apprenticeship Patterns

Hoover and Oshineye, 2009



Open Plan

Open Plan


cc by-nc macfred64

Software Craftsmanship

    As aspiring Software Craftsmen we are raising the bar of professional software development by practicing it and helping others learn the craft.
    Through this work we have come to value:
  • Not only working software, but also well-crafted software
  • Not only responding to change, but also steadily adding value
  • Not only individuals and interactions, but also a community of professionals
  • Not only customer collaboration, but also productive partnerships
  • That is, in pursuit of the items on the left we have found the items on the right to be indispensable.

The Craftsman

It is by fixing things that we often get to understand how they work.
Sennett, 2008

Teaching as a design science

    Teachers acting as design scientists would observe four basic precepts, to
  1. keep improving their practice,
  2. have a principled way of designing and testing improvements in practice,
  3. build on the work of others,
  4. represent and share their pedagogic practice, the outcomes they achieved, and how these related to the elements of their design.
    1. Laurillard, 2012


cc by-nc-nd kennysarmy

Test driven development

    Test driven development ... encourages simple designs and test suites that inspire confidence.
  • Write a failing automated test before you write any code
  • Remove duplication
Beck, 2003

Agile Testing Quadrants

Crispin, 2011


© Press Association 2013



Open Badges


Space to learn

Any questions?




    These slides: bit.ly/hantsict